The Best Languages for Mobile App Development in 2016

Since the iPhone hit the market in 2007, mobile apps have grown into a huge industry, raking in millions of dollars. Now in 2016, billions of smartphone have been sold, hitting an all-time high. If there was ever a time to get into mobile app development, it’s now!

Since the iPhone, there have been many competitors including Android. Android and iPhone platforms alone account for 90% of the market. It was reported in 2015, there were over 2 billion active smartphones and over 3 million apps being developed. Consider how much higher those figures are now!

Java is one of the most popular programming languages worldwide and celebrated its 20th birthday in 2015. There are well over 9 million developers using Java every day.

Java Shutterstock:
Google’s operating system for Android uses Java as the foundation for all their Android apps. Even though Java for Android is not standard Java, it’s darn close. Learning all aspects of Java will put you in a great place for learning Android app development.

As of date, Android is running 60% of all mobile devices, therefore if you want a coding language that has the largest number worldwide, you need Java.

Why Java Language:

  • It’s easy to learn and read
  • It runs on almost all platforms
  • It’s an object orientated language
  • APIs offers tools for any possible task*
  • IDE decreases errors and provides resolutions and clear reasons*

*API = Application Programming Interface
*IDE = Integrated Development Environments

Which IDE Should You Install:

When installing IDE, the two post popular are Android Studio and Eclipse. Google’s choice is Android Studio.

You Need To Install the Android Software Development Kit or SDK:

Android SDE includes the source code, libraries, development tools, and emulator to create Android Applications.

Excellent Knowledge Resources:

  • Oracle Java Tutorials
  • Android Developer Website
  • Android Development For Beginners (Udacity is Free)
  • Java Tutorial For Beginners (Udemy is Free)

Apple’s Programming Language Is Swift:
Most of iOS apps are written in Objective-C language. In order to make it easier for the learning curve and workflow, Apple released their own programming language called Swift for iOS and OS X. Even if you are not a programmer, Apple’s open source Swift will have an impact on you.

Swift Screenshot:
Swift was developed to provide the best environment for iOS and OS X app development. It focuses on simplicity making it much easier to understand. Because Swift is relatively new with a growing fan base, this is one of the most important languages to learn in order to be an in-demand developer.

Leading Features:

  • A very simple form of Objective-C
  • “Sugar” syntax allows for simplified code that is easier to read and decreases errors
  • It is the future for Apple development framework
  • Easy to extend and maintain with Dynamic Libraries
  • Is Only Compatible With iOS and OS X, at this time

What Is Needed:

  • Mac OS X Maverick or later (10.9 +)
  • Must Install Xcode 7 IDE

Excellent Knowledge Resources:

  • Apple’s Developer Website
  • Swift Essentials (Udemy – $30)
  • The Basic For Learning Swift 2 (Lynda – $25 per month)

HTML5 And JavaScript:
HTML is used to render web pages but you cannot make apps with it. You can combine HTML 5 with the latest HTML standards along with JavaScript to develop both web and mobile apps.

HTML5 Shutterstock:
This is the preferred way to build native apps because you only code once then bundle it to different devices including iOS, Android, desktop computers, etc. It decreases development time and the costs for maintenance.

Leading Features:

  • Device Agnostic
  • Used for both apps and web pages
  • Responsive design to that will fit any device or screen size
  • Built-in playback does not require third-party tools
  • Offline caching

The trade off is in overall performance. Native applications have access to the entire operating system’s development framework. It’s optimized for better performance, but even though HTML5 apps are more flexible and feasible for cross-platform, it can result in lower app performance.

Choices In Software For Writing HTML:

  • Visual Studio Code (For Windows)
  • Sublime (For Windows)
  • Brackets (For Mac, Linux or Windows)

Excellent Knowledge Resources:

  • Get Started With HTML5
  • Learning HTML5 From Scratch (Udemy – Free)
  • HTML5 & CSS3 Fundamental For Beginners (Channe19 – Free)
  • Start Coding JavaScript Right Now